Province/Territory: Newfoundland and Labrador

Larger than life nature and adventure

  • 9700 sq/km of spectacular fjords and tundra wilderness
  • 16th-Century Basque galleons at the historic Red Bay whaling station
  • 38000 pairs of puffins in the Gannet Islands Ecological Reserve

Perched at the eastern gateway to Canada’s Arctic, Labrador—“The Big Land”—is one of the world’s last wilderness regions. Marvel at the migration of massive herds of caribou. Cruise between towering fjord walls in the Torngat Mountains watching for polar bears, then share an Arctic char meal with descendants of Inuit who have made this dramatic landscape their home for centuries. Stare up at a sky full of birds at Gannet Islands Ecological Reserve, home to 38,000 pairs of colourful puffins. Watch mountains of 10,000 year-old ice drift down Iceberg Alley and see whales breach in the chilly waters. Stroll through alpine flowers at Red Bay National Historic Site with its remarkably preserved 16th century Basque whaling station or explore Viking heritage. Celebrate at the Labrador Canoe Regatta, learn ice fishing, dine on snow crab. Go hiking, snowmobile on a vast network of trails or head out on skis into the silent white wilderness beneath the dancing brilliance of the Northern Lights.

Outdoor adventure

  • Go snowshoeing in the pristine wild under a flashing display of Northern Lights.
  • Try your hand at mushing a dog team.
  • Explore the spectacular fjords and Inuit heritage of the Torngat Mountains National Park Reserve camping out on the tundra watching for polar bears, caribou and Northern Lights.

Arts & Culture

  • Sample local, tundra bakeapple-berry jams and pies, cod tongues and cheeks, and traditional salt cod cakes.
  • Join the Inuit in Northern Labrador for a caribou stew and Arctic char feast.

Nature & Wildlife

  • Explore the spectacular fjords and Inuit heritage of the Torngat Mountains National Park Reserve watching out for polar bear, caribou and whales.
  • Watch giant bergs made of 10,000 year old glacial ice drift past along Iceberg Alley.

Events & Festivals

  • Tackle sub-zero temperatures and watching the longest snowmobile endurance race in Canada and one of the world’s toughest during Cain’s Quest.

On the water

  • Cruise along a rugged coast of fjords and tiny fishing outposts.
  • Hook a brook trout in a serene wilderness setting or drop a fishing line through a frozen lake and catch your own dinner.

Weather

  • Labrador nudges Canada’s northern frontier so temperatures are mild in spring, with comfortable cool-to-warm summers and chilly winters.
  • During the peak spring iceberg-watching season, average temperatures hover between 2°C - 6°C.
  • Summer highs average 17°C during the whale-watching season though they can sometimes top 25°C during short but pleasant summers.
  • From November to March, winter in Labrador is colder than the rest of the province with daytime averages of -8°C, so bring warm winter gear for snowshoeing, dog-sledding and back country skiing.
  • Discover local weather information. Research local weather patterns at Environment Canada's Canadian Climate Website.
Quick facts

Area: 294,330 sq. km.
Largest City: Happy Valley – Goose Bay
Total Population: 26,364
Official Languages: English, Inuktitut
Territorial Motto: "The splendid task will soon be fulfilled."

When to go
  • Spring in Labrador arrives in May and June, prime iceberg-watching season. Be prepared for chilly winds and a rain shower or two, dressing warmly in layers.
  • Summer, July and August, can be t-shirt and shorts-warm, but rug up with a sweater and wind-pants near the cool coast or when you’re hiking – or heli-hiking - biking, sea kayaking, fishing or taking in a festival. It’s also bug season, so bring insect repellent, long sleeved shirts and perhaps even a bug-jacket. August is the best month for whale-watching.
  • September through October the landscape and Northern tundra turns brilliant orange and red with fall colours. It’s a good time for bug-free prowling, but it’s not unusual to see snow in autumn in Labrador.
  • From November through March Labrador is a winter wonderland for cross-country skiing, snowshoeing and 1,500 kilometres of snowmobile trails. The Torngat Mountains offer dramatic back-country skiing as well, though winter months temperatures can fall below –25°C.
Getting Here
Getting around
  • Labrador is a vast, sparsely populated region – travel takes some advance planning, and during the high summer season when demand is high for car rentals, accommodations and ferry services, booking in advance is recommended.
  • General information about getting around Labrador.
  • Take a road trip adventure on the Trans-Labrador Highway. Cellular service is not available, but satellite phones are available for more remote stretches of road.
  • Cruising coastal Labrador with outfitters like Adventure Canada is a comfortable way to see the remote, spectacular Torngat Mountains scenery.
  • Hop on board a working passenger/freight vessel, Northern Ranger along the Labrador coast from Black Tickle to Nain in summer.